Many people worldwide struggle with eye problems, but very few take the time to learn about eye problems and prevent them. Most people only visit the eye doctor when they have issues with their vision. It is important to note that some diseases are genetically inherited, and some generate from a particular primary cause. Therefore, you should learn a few things about eye care and common eye problems. Below are a few common eye problems you should know about.
This is a common eye problem that is mostly associated with old age. It usually affects people at the age of 50 years and above. Even though cataracts are age-related eye problems, it can affect anybody at any given age, especially those exposed to too much UV light.
There are various ways of identifying this type of eye problem. One of the methods is by detecting some cloudiness on the eye lenses or trauma in the eyes. However, severe and traumatizing the disease might seem, the good news is that it is curable mostly through surgery.
Glaucoma is a type of disease that worsens with time if it’s not identified and treated on time. People suffering from this disease tend to show fewer or no symptoms. Therefore, it is always good to go for a checkup to identify any pressure differences in the eye. If left unnoticeable for some time, it can cause peripheral vision loss and later total blindness. If the condition is detected early enough, the disease can be treated through surgery, medicated eye drops, or laser treatments.
There are various types of Glaucoma surgery that a patient can undergo. They include microscopic incisional trabeculectomy, tube shunt implantation, and cyclophotocoagulation. The eye specialists are also introducing minimally invasive glaucoma surgeries to treat this condition.
3. Diabetic Retinopathy
Persons with diabetes are mostly affected by this type of eye problem. It is usually characterized by a change in retinal blood vessels, which affect your vision. Most diabetic persons experience some irregularities in blood sugar levels. When the blood sugar levels remain high for a prolonged time, they usually damage the eyes’ blood vessels.
Some blood vessels may rupture or get blocked due to high blood sugar levels, causing intraocular bleeding. Since diabetes is a common disease, it is essential to learn about prevention, treatment, and how to prevent issues associated with diabetes. With the ever-rising number of people with diabetes, it is crucial to keep a closer look at any signs of such a disease and seek treatment immediately.
Keratoconus is an eye problem seen mostly when the collagen fibers weaken or fail to work in the cornea lead. This eye problem requires a lot of care during treatment because it causes the cornea to bulge outwards. The bulging usually causes total loss of vision if you don’t seek treatment immediately. The treatment, in this case, involves a transplant to treat the cornea.
If you want to continue exploring the world using your sense of sight, it is essential to visit your optician for regular checkups. This helps to identify some eye problems early and start treatment. Stay safe and pay attention to any change in your eyesight for early diagnosis and treatment.